Wilton and Axminster carpet have been manufactured for over 200 years. Wilton looms weave two carpets as a sandwich, know as “face-to-face”, which is then sliced into separate rolls which produce a durable woven product, which is hard wearing and dimensionally stable. In the Axminster weaving process tuft yarn is woven, the pile and the backing are manufactured simultaneously. A woven Axminster carpet physically cannot delaminate, as the warp and weft strands holding the pile yarn in place combine to create a 3-dimensional structure.
In an axminster gripper weave, cut tufts of yarn are inserted at the point of weaving by means of grippers.